Ergonomics deal with the body positioning and techniques used at your workplace to increase efficiency and comfort. When it comes to NCLEX, you need to understand the four key areas mentioned below:

  1. Assessment of patient’s ability to balance, ambulate and transfer (e.g.: bed to chair)
  2. Ability of the patient to use assistive devices (e.g.: crutches, walker)
  3. Teaching: Provide instruction and information to client about proper body positions to avoid injuries
  4. Nurses: Health care team members also need to use ergonomic principles while providing care (e.g.: safe patient handling, proper lifting, bending with knees). Pushing is generally preferable to pulling as pushing allows to use large muscle groups and apply more force to the load.

Did you know you have a power zone for lifting? The power zone for lifting is close to the body, between your mid-thigh and mid-chest height. This zone is where your arms and back can lift the most with least effort.

See the above picture from OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration, US Department of Labor).

Reference: Occupational Safety and Health Administration, US Department of Labor